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Australian WW1 hospitals

General hospitals

These were large base hospitals with 520 or 1040 beds. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 14th served overseas; the others were based in Australia. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 14th were all eventually upgraded to the maximum size.

1st Australian General Hospital (1 AGH). Formed Queensland, August 1914. Departed Brisbane aboard Kyarra 21 November 1914. (Egypt, Western Front)

• 1 AGH Heliopolis, Egypt. The hospital expanded rapidly during the Gallipoli campaign and its auxiliary branches were located in various buildings in Cairo including Luna Park, the Atelier and the Sporting Club. It dealt with all war cases—physical injuries, diseases such as dysentery, shell shock.
• 1 AGH Rouen, France. Dealt with general battle casualties.
• 1 AGH Sutton Veny, England. There wasn't a specific role for 1AGH at Sutton Veny - it was the last Australian hospital open in Europe and became a holding place for any remaining patients and staff in 1919 while they were waiting to return to Australia.
 
2nd Australian General Hospital (2 AGH) Formed New South Wales August 1914. Departed Sydney aboard Kyarra 28 November 1914. (Egypt, Western Front)
• 2 AGH Ghezireh and Mena House, Egypt.
• 2 AGH Boulogne, France. This was a tented hospital and most of the patients were battle casualties. It came to specialise in the treatment of fractures. This hospital experienced many air raids.

3rd Australian General Hospital (3 AGH) Formed New South Wales 1915. Departed Sydney aboard Mooltan 5 May 1915. (England, Gallipoli, Egypt, Western Front)
• 3 AGH Lemnos Island, Greece. The hospital operated in tents on the island from August 1915 to January 1916. It took sick and wounded brought in hospital and transport ships from Gallipoli.
• 3 AGH Abbassia, Egypt and 3 AGH Brighton, England. The hospital transitioned to buildings in these locations before opening in France
• 3 AGH Abbeville, France. The hospital operated from tents and huts at Abbeville, in the Somme area of France. For most of its time in France (May 1917 to May 1918) it admitted gassed patients and treated them briefly before sending them to other places.
(For technical information about the effects of WW1 gas attacks on soldiers visit
http://www.gwpda.org/medical/gaswar/gasindex.htm)

10th Australian General Hospital. Formed July 1915. Departed Australia 22 July 1915. Arrived in the United Kingdom 29 September 1915. This unit was intended as a 500 bed general hospital for the treatment of Australians in the United Kingdom but owing to a lack of accommodation and poor AIF medical administration, it never formed and its personnel were used to staff other Hospitals. (England)

14th Australian General Hospital. Formed 1916. Departed Melbourne 19 August 1916. Was located at Abbassia, Cairo and Port Said. (Egypt)

Auxiliary hospitals

These were located in rear areas.

-- 1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital (1 AAH). Opened in June 1915 at Harefield, England. Closed 31 December 1918. This hospital contained over 1000 beds for casualties from France. Mostly they were surgical cases and it was possible for special attention to be given to amputees before their return to Australia.
(Visit
https://www.awm.gov.au/encyclopedia/harefield/)
-- 2nd Australian Auxiliary Hospital (2 AAH). This hospital located at Southall, England, specialised in the fitting of artificial limbs.
-- 3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital (3 AAH). This hospital, located in Dartford, England, grew to 1400 beds and had specialised treatment for men with war-related nerves and neuroses.
-- 4th Australian Auxiliary Hospital (4 AAH). Cairo, Egypt then Welwyn, England (for convalescents).
-- 5th Australian Auxiliary Hospital (5 AAH). For officers at Welwyn, England (for convalescents) (June 1915 – 1919).
-- 6th Australian Auxiliary Hospital (6 AAH). For officers at Moreton Gardens, South Kensington (September 1915-Nov 1918), then Holland Park, England (Jan 1919).

Stationary hospitals

These were smaller hospitals, generally based in forward areas.

-- 1st Australian Stationary Hospital (1ASH). Served at Gallipoli and Lemnos island before being renamed 3AAH in October 1916 and moving to England.
-- 2nd Australian Stationary Hospital (2ASH). Served at Lemnos island and Ismailia, Egypt before moving to the Sinai and Palestine.

Casualty clearing stations

These were small hospitals with nurses generally located at a railhead or similar transportation hub in forward areas. Their job was to provide emergency treatment and surgery and to move casualties back to the stationary and general hospitals.

-- 1st Australian Casualty Clearing Station (1ACCS). Egypt, Gallipoli then France.
-- 2nd Australian Casualty Clearing Station (2ACCS). Egypt then France.
-- 3rd Australian Casualty Clearing Station (3ACCS) .Egypt then France.

Convalescent and command depots

Convalescent or Command Depots were half way houses for sick or wounded returning to the front - men who no longer required hospitalisation but were not yet fit to rejoin their units.

For additional information on the WW1 hospitals and medical facilities go to
http://www.aif.adfa.edu.au:8888/Medical.html

Casualty evacuation system

The following diagram of the system of evacuation shows the theoretical location of medical facilities for the Allies during WW1. While the evacuation system followed this general plan, in practice medical facilities were placed where they could best carry out their tasks under the exigencies of the operational situation.
RAP = Regimental Aid Post (the unit-level medical support facility eg. in a battalion).

Australians evacuated to the UK

The diagram below depicts the theoretical distribution and disposal of Australian sick and wounded arriving in the UK.

 

Allied WW1 Military Hospitals on the Western Front

The following list was compiled by Lieutenant Colonel Neil C Smith, AM and is used with his permission.

Title

Location

1 General Hospital

Etretat

2 General Hospital

Havre

3 General Hospital

Treport

4 General Hospital

Dannes Camier

5 General Hospital

Rouen

6 General Hospital

Rouen

7 General Hospital

St Omer

8 General Hospital

Rouen

9 General Hospital

Rouen

10 General Hospital

Rouen

11 General Hospital

Genoa, Italy

12 General Hospital

Rouen

13 General Hospital

Boulogne

14 General Hospital

Wimereux

16 General Hospital

Treport

18 General Hospital

Camiers

20 General Hospital

Dannes Camier

22 General Hospital

Dannes Camier

23 General Hospital

Etaples

24 General Hospital

Etaples

25 General Hospital

Boulogne

26 General Hospital

Etaples

30 General Hospital

Calais

35 General Hospital

Calais

39 General Hospital

Havre

47 General Hospital

Treport

51 General Hospital

Etaples

53 General Hospital

Boulogne

54 General Hospital

Boulogne

56 General Hospital

Etaples

57 General Hospital

Italy

59 General Hospital

St Omer

62 General Hospital

Italy

66 General Hospital

Bordighera

72 General Hospital

Trouville

73 General Hospital

Trouville

79 General Hospital

Taranto

81 General Hospital

Marseilles

83 General Hospital

Boulogne

Lahore General Hospital

Rouen

Lahore General Hospital

Marseilles

1 Canadian General Hosp.

Etaples

2 Canadian General Hosp.

Treport

3 Canadian General Hosp.

Boulogne

7 Canadian General Hosp.

Etaples

Detention Hospital

Paris

1 Australian General Hosp

Rouen

2 Australian General Hosp

Boulogne

3 Australian General Hosp

Abbeville

1 Stationary Hospital

Rouen

2 Stationary Hospital

Abbeville

3 Stationary Hospital

Rouen

4 Stationary Hospital

St Omer

5 Stationary Hospital

Dieppe

6 Stationary Hospital

Frevent

7 Stationary Hospital

Boulogne

8 Stationary Hospital

Wimereux

10 Stationary Hospital

St Omer

11 Stationary Hospital

Rouen

12 Stationary Hospital

St Pol

13 Stationary Hospital

Boulogne

14 Stationary Hospital

Wimereux

25 Stationary Hospital

Rouen

95 Stationary Hospital

Marseilles

2 Canadian Stationary Hos

Boulogne

3 Canadian Stationary Hos

Boulogne

7 Canadian Stationary Hos

Havre

1 NZ Stationary Hospital

Havre

1 British Red Cross

Le Touqet

2 British Red Cross

Rouen

5 British Red Cross

Wimereux

9 British Red Cross

Calais

6 Liverpool Merchants

Etaples

8 Baltic & Corn Exchange

Paris Plage

St John’s Ambulance Brig.

Etaples

Australian Voluntary Hos.

Wimereux

The Military HP

1st Echelon

1 Presbyterian Hospital

Etretat

1 Convalescent Depot

Boulogne

2 Convalescent Depot

Rouen

3 Convalescent Depot

Treport

4 Convalescent Depot

Havre

5 Convalescent Depot

Boulogne

6 Convalescent Depot

Etaples

9 Convalescent Depot

Marseilles


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