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Australian WW1 hospitals

General Hospitals

These were large base hospitals with 250, 500 or 1000 beds. They also generally administered a number of auxiliary hospitals. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 10th and 14th served overseas; the others were based in Australia. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 14th were all eventually upgraded to the maximum size.

1st Australian General Hospital (1 AGH) Formed Queensland, August 1914. Departed Brisbane aboard Kyarra 21 November 1914. (Egypt, Western Front)

  • 1 AGH Egypt This hospital was located in various buildings in Cairo. It dealt with all war cases—physical injuries, diseases, shell shock.

  • 1 AGH Rouen, France This hospital dealt with general battle casualties.

2nd Australian General Hospital (2 AGH) Formed New South Wales August 1914. Departed Sydney aboard Kyarra 28 November 1914. (Egypt, Western Front)

  • 2 AGH Boulogne, France This was a large tented hospital, and most of the patients were battle casualties. It came to specialise in the treatment of fractures. This hospital experienced many air raids. Towards the end of the war there were outbreaks of influenza. When the armistice was signed, the staff barely found time to celebrate. They were too busy treating the influenza victims who continued to arrive throughout November.

3rd Australian General Hospital (3 AGH) Formed New South Wales 1915. Departed Sydney aboard Mooltan 5 May 1915. (England, Gallipoli, Egypt, Western Front)

  • 3 AGH Abbeville, France This hospital operated from tents and huts at Abbeville, in the Somme area of France. For most of its existence (May 1917 to May 1918) it admitted gassed patients and treated them briefly before sending them to other places.
    (For technical information about the effects of WW1 gas attacks on soldiers visit http://www.gwpda.org/medical/gaswar/gasindex.htm)

10th General Hospital Formed July 1915. Departed Australia 22 July 1915. Arrived in the United Kingdom 29 September 1915. This unit was intended as a 500 bed general hospital for the treatment of Australians in the United Kingdom but owing to a lack of accommodation and poor AIF medical administration, it was broken up at Harefield, England October 1915 and personnel used to staff Auxiliary Hospitals. (England)

14th General Hospital Formed 1916. Departed Melbourne 19 August 1916. Was located at Abbassia, Cairo. (Egypt)

Auxiliary Hospitals

These were located in rear areas. Generally they were administered by a general hospital. They had no fixed establishments.

1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital (1 AAH) Opened 19 January 1915 at Luna Park, Cairo, Egypt. Closed 10 July 1916. Opened 1916 at Harefield, England. Closed 31 December 1918. This hospital contained over 1000 beds for casualties from France. Mostly they were surgical cases and it was possible for special attention to be given to amputees before their return to Australia.
(Visit http://www.harefield.net/anzac/anzac-graves.html)

2nd Australian Auxiliary Hospital (2 AAH) This hospital located at Southall, England, specialised in the fitting of artificial limbs.

3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital (3 AAH) This hospital, located in Dartford, England, grew to 1400 beds and was for the treatment of war-related nerves and neuroses.

Stationary Hospitals

These were smaller hospitals, generally based in forward areas.

Casualty Clearing Stations

These were small hospitals generally located at a railhead or similar transportation hub in forward areas. Their job was to provide emergency treatment and to move casualties back to the stationary and general hospitals.

Convalescent and Command Depots

Convalescent or Command Depots were half way houses for casualties returning to the front - men who no longer required hospitalisation but were not yet fit to rejoin their units. They were also known as "Convalescent Homes".

For additional information on the WW1 hospitals and medical facilities go to
http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/~rmallett/

Casualty evacuation system

The following diagram of the system of evacuation shows the theoretical location of medical facilities for the Allies during WW1. While the evacuation system followed this general plan, in practice medical facilities were placed where they could best carry out their tasks under the exigencies of the operational situation.
RAP = Regimental Aid Post (the unit-level medical support facility eg in a battalion)

Australians evacuated to the UK

The diagram below depicts the theoretical distribution and disposal of Australian sick and wounded arriving in the UK. 

Allied WW1 Military Hospitals on the Western Front

The following list was compiled by Lieutenant Colonel Neil C Smith, AM and is used with his permission.

Title

Location

1 General Hospital

Etretat

2 General Hospital

Havre

3 General Hospital

Treport

4 General Hospital

Dannes Camier

5 General Hospital

Rouen

6 General Hospital

Rouen

7 General Hospital

St Omer

8 General Hospital

Rouen

9 General Hospital

Rouen

10 General Hospital

Rouen

11 General Hospital

Genoa, Italy

12 General Hospital

Rouen

13 General Hospital

Boulogne

14 General Hospital

Wimereux

16 General Hospital

Treport

18 General Hospital

Camiers

20 General Hospital

Dannes Camier

22 General Hospital

Dannes Camier

23 General Hospital

Etaples

24 General Hospital

Etaples

25 General Hospital

Boulogne

26 General Hospital

Etaples

30 General Hospital

Calais

35 General Hospital

Calais

39 General Hospital

Havre

47 General Hospital

Treport

51 General Hospital

Etaples

53 General Hospital

Boulogne

54 General Hospital

Boulogne

56 General Hospital

Etaples

57 General Hospital

Italy

59 General Hospital

St Omer

62 General Hospital

Italy

66 General Hospital

Bordighera

72 General Hospital

Trouville

73 General Hospital

Trouville

79 General Hospital

Taranto

81 General Hospital

Marseilles

83 General Hospital

Boulogne

Lahore General Hospital

Rouen

Lahore General Hospital

Marseilles

1 Canadian General Hosp.

Etaples

2 Canadian General Hosp.

Treport

3 Canadian General Hosp.

Boulogne

7 Canadian General Hosp.

Etaples

Detention Hospital

Paris

1 Australian General Hosp

Rouen

2 Australian General Hosp

Boulogne

3 Australian General Hosp

Abbeville

1 Stationary Hospital

Rouen

2 Stationary Hospital

Abbeville

3 Stationary Hospital

Rouen

4 Stationary Hospital

St Omer

5 Stationary Hospital

Dieppe

6 Stationary Hospital

Frevent

7 Stationary Hospital

Boulogne

8 Stationary Hospital

Wimereux

10 Stationary Hospital

St Omer

11 Stationary Hospital

Rouen

12 Stationary Hospital

St Pol

13 Stationary Hospital

Boulogne

14 Stationary Hospital

Wimereux

25 Stationary Hospital

Rouen

95 Stationary Hospital

Marseilles

2 Canadian Stationary Hos

Boulogne

3 Canadian Stationary Hos

Boulogne

7 Canadian Stationary Hos

Havre

1 NZ Stationary Hospital

Havre

1 British Red Cross

Le Touqet

2 British Red Cross

Rouen

5 British Red Cross

Wimereux

9 British Red Cross

Calais

6 Liverpool Merchants

Etaples

8 Baltic & Corn Exchange

Paris Plage

St John’s Ambulance Brig.

Etaples

Australian Voluntary Hos.

Wimereux

The Military HP

1st Echelon

1 Presbyterian Hospital

Etretat

1 Convalescent Depot

Boulogne

2 Convalescent Depot

Rouen

3 Convalescent Depot

Treport

4 Convalescent Depot

Havre

5 Convalescent Depot

Boulogne

6 Convalescent Depot

Etaples

9 Convalescent Depot

Marseilles


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