Australian WW1 Hospitals
These were large base hospitals with 250, 500 or 1000 beds. They also
generally administered a number of auxiliary hospitals. The 1st, 2nd,
3rd, 10th and 14th served overseas; the others were based in Australia.
The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 14th were all eventually upgraded to the maximum
1st Australian General Hospital (1AGH) Formed
Queensland, August 1914. Departed Brisbane aboard Kyarra 21
November 1914. (Egypt, Western Front)
1AGH Egypt This hospital was
located in various buildings in Cairo. It dealt with all war
cases—physical injuries, diseases, shell shock.
1AGH Rouen, France This hospital
dealt with general battle casualties.
2nd Australian General Hospital (2AGH)
Formed New South Wales August 1914. Departed Sydney aboard Kyarra
28 November 1914. (Egypt, Western Front)
2AGH Boulogne, France This was a
large tented hospital, and most of the patients were battle
casualties. It came to specialise in the treatment of fractures. This
hospital experienced many air raids. Towards the end of the war there
were outbreaks of influenza. When the armistice was signed, the staff
barely found time to celebrate. They were too busy treating the
influenza victims who continued to arrive throughout November.
3rd Australian General Hospital (3AGH) Formed
New South Wales 1915. Departed Sydney aboard Mooltan 5 May 1915.
(England, Gallipoli, Egypt, Western Front)
3AGH Abbeville, France This
hospital operated from tents and huts at Abbeville, in the Somme area
of France. For most of its existence (May 1917 to May 1918) it
admitted gassed patients and treated them briefly before sending them
to other places.
10th General Hospital Formed July
1915. Departed Australia 22 July 1915. Arrived in the United Kingdom 29
September 1915. This unit was intended as a 500 bed general hospital for
the treatment of Australians in the United Kingdom, but owing to a lack
of accommodation and poor AIF medical administration, it was broken up
at Harefield, England in October 1915 and personnel used to staff
Auxiliary Hospitals. (England)
The maps above and below depict the area where the AIF trained before
going to Gallipoli.
The medical facilities were necessary to support the troops while in
training and later,
after deployment to Gallipoli.
14th General Hospital Formed 1916.
Departed Melbourne 19 August 1916. Was located at Abbassia, Cairo.
These were located in rear areas. Generally they were administered by a
general hospital (AGH). They had no fixed establishments.
1st Australian Auxiliary Hospital (1AAH)
Opened 19 January 1915 at Luna Park, Cairo, Egypt. Closed 10 July 1916.
Opened 1916 at Harefield, England. Closed 31 December 1918. This
hospital contained over 1000 beds for casualties from France. Mostly
they were surgical cases and it was possible for special attention to be
given to amputees before their return to Australia.
2nd Australian Auxiliary Hospital (2AAH)
This hospital located at Southall, England, specialised in the fitting
of artificial limbs.
3rd Australian Auxiliary Hospital (3AAH)
This hospital, located in Dartford, England, grew to 1400 beds and was
for the treatment of war-related nerves and neuroses.
Click to view a large map of medical facilities in
the UK and France (new window).
These were smaller hospitals, generally based in forward areas.
Casualty Clearing Stations
These were small hospitals, generally located at a railhead or similar
transportation hub in forward areas. Their job was to provide
emergency treatment and to move casualties back to the stationary and
Convalescent and Command Depots
Convalescent or Command Depots were half way houses for casualties
returning to the front — men who no longer required hospitalisation
but were not yet fit to rejoin their units. They also were known as
This diagram depicts the theoretical distribution and disposal of
sick and wounded arriving in the UK. Diagram courtesy Robert
This diagram of the system of evacuation shows the theoretical
location of medical facilities for the Allies during WW1. While the
evacuation system followed this general plan, in practice medical
facilities were placed where they could best carry out their tasks
under the exigencies of the operational situation. RAP = Regimental
Aid Post (the unit-level medical support facility, eg in a
battalion). Diagram courtesy Robert Lewis.
For more information on the WW1
hospitals and medical facilities visit: http://www.unsw.adfa.edu.au/~rmallett/
then select Part B - Branches Medical.
Story 1: The WW1 Nurses --->
Additional images for these stories
AWM ART03612. Charles Bryant, Boulogne in wartime, January 1918,
, Painting: oil on canvas, 73.7 x 104.5 cm. Boulogne,
France. In the foreground are ambulances which would have
transported wounded from the Front to the hospital ships for
transfer to hospitals in England.
AWM P00037.020. Heliopolis, Egypt. c. 1916. Elevated view of
approximately fifteen tents in the grounds of Heliopolis Palace
occupied by 1st Australian General Hospital (1AGH). The tents were
erected all around the grounds as space inside the building became
scarce. They are dwarfed by a multistorey building across the street
from the gardens.
AWM P02402.022. Wimereux, France. c. 1917. Front exterior of the
of the 2nd Australian General Hospital (2AGH).
AWM J01438. Lemnos Island, Greece, 1915. Medical and nursing staff
3rd Australian General Hospital in the tent lines with patients.
AWM E02117A. The wards and outbuildings of the 2nd Australian
General Hospital (2AGH).
2AGH was a large hospital which had expanded from 520 beds to 1900.
The beds were housed in hundreds of huts and tents.
AWM P01102.021. Australian Red Cross Voluntary Aid detachment
uniform and wearing protective clothing for nursing influenza
AWM P00812.020. Port Said, c. 1917. Wounded and sick Australians in
hospital ward, possibly set up in a warehouse.
AWM P00156.061. Medical orderlies at the 2nd Australian Casualty
Clearing Station near Steenwerck moving patients over duckboard
walkways (to avoid the muddy ground) using a two-tiered stretcher
holder on wheels. The stretcher holder could run along railway
tracks leading to the train (seen in the background), which pulled
up right at the camp. Here the orderlies are changing direction at a
AWM P00162.020. Harefield, Middlesex, England, 1914-18. 1st
Australian Auxiliary Hospital.
AWM J00914. Camel cacolets used by the Light Horse Field Ambulance
used for bringing sick and wounded across the desert to the clearing
stations, from where they are sent to base hospitals.
AWM H18510. Heliopolis, Egypt. c. 1915. The interior of the
which formed part of 1st Australian General Hospital (1AGH), located
in the former Heliopolis Palace Hotel. The inmates were from
Return to Story 1: The
WW1 Nurses --->
[Supplementary Information and
Copyright © ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee (Qld)